16 April 2014 The City of Johannesburg plans to install 1 000 wi-fi hotspots throughout the city by 2016, executive mayor Parks Tau said on Monday. The city had spent R1-billion on the broadband network and was now working on access points for the citizens to enjoy the connectivity, Tau said during his state of the city address in Orlando, Soweto. Thirty-five libraries will be connected by June and all 85 libraries in the city will have free internet access by the end of 2014, the mayor said. “The broadband network will significantly increase access through our libraries to the internet, including open online courses.” Tau promised that the roll out would be completed before the end of his five-year mayoral term in 2016.Training “Wi-Fi has gone live from today, right here, as we speak, in the Orlando Communal Hall, and at the following nine Rea Vaya stations: Orlando Stadium and police station, Soccer City, Noordgesig, Joburg Theatre, Park Station, Art Gallery, Carlton Centre and Fashion Square,” he said. The city would train 1 000 students a year in its ICT operations to work in communities to help introduce the latest technology to residents, Tau said. This would ensure that even people who were not tech-savvy would also benefit. A partnership with the University of Witwatersrand was being established to develop the Tshimologong Precinct in Braamfontein, which will focus on information technology innovation and small, medium and micro enterprise incubation. Green transport The mayor also said Johannesburg planned to expand its dual-fuel Metrobus fleet and would help to grow the bio crops used to produce the fuel. Around 150 new buses using dual fuel would be purchased in the coming year. An additional 30 would be converted to run on a mixture of compressed natural gas and diesel, Tau said. The buses are “significantly cleaner” than the diesel versions, emitting 90% less carbon into the environment. Tau said the biogas fuel would sourced from a range of natural products, including grass cut by City Parks, bio waste from the Fresh Produce Market, as well as from bio crops especially grown for this purpose. SAinfo reporter and Gauteng Provincial Government
When Your Child Was in the HospitalYour child has epilepsy. People with epilepsy have seizures. A seizure is a sudden brief change in the electrical and chemical activity in your brain. The doctor gave your child a physical and neurological examination and did some tests to find out why.What to Expect at HomeIf the doctor sent your child home with some medicines, it is because more seizures could occur. The medicine can help your child avoid having seizures, but it does not guarantee that seizures will not occur. The doctor may need to change the dose of your childs seizure drugs or add new medicines. This may be because seizures happen even when your child is taking the medicines, or because your child is having side effects.Activity and LifestyleYour child should get plenty of sleep and try to have as regular schedule as possible. Try to avoid too much stress. You should still set rules and limits, along with consequences, for a child with epilepsy.Make sure your home is safe to help prevent injuries when a seizure takes place.Keep bathroom and bedroom doors unlocked. Keep these doors from being blocked.Younger children should not take a bath without someone present. Do NOT leave the room without taking your child with you. Older children should only take showers. See also: Bathroom safety – childrenPut pads on sharp corners of furniture.Place a screen in front of the fireplace.Use nonslip flooring or cushioned floor covers.Do NOT use freestanding heaters.Avoid letting a child with epilepsy sleep on the top bunk.Replace all glass doors and any windows near the ground with either safety glass or plastic.Most children with seizures can lead an active lifestyle. Plan ahead for the possible dangers of a certain activity. Activities should be avoided if a loss of consciousness or control would result in an injury.advertisementSome safe activities include jogging, aerobics, moderate cross-country skiing, dancing, tennis, golf, hiking, and bowling. Games and playing in gym class or on the playground are generally okay.Supervise your child when they swim.Your child should wear a helmet during bike riding, skateboarding, and other similar activities. See also: Preventing head injuries in childrenChildren should have someone to help them climb on a jungle gym or perform gymnastics.Ask your child?s doctor about your child participating in contact sports.It should be easy for a student to carry and take seizure medicines at school. Teachers and others at schools should know about your child?s seizures and seizure medicines.Your child should wear a medical alert or ID bracelet. Tell family members, friends, teachers, school nurses, babysitters, swimming instructors, lifeguards, and coaches about your childs seizure disorder.Seizure MedicinesDo not stop giving your child any seizure medicines without talking with your child?s doctor. Do not stop giving your child seizure drugs just because the seizures have stopped.Tips for taking seizure medicines:Do not skip a dose.Get refills as soon as you can before the medicine runs out.Keep seizure medicines in a safe place, away from young children.Store medicines in a dry place, in the bottle that they came in. Throw away all old bottles.If your child misses a dose:Have them take it as soon as you remember.If it is already time for the next dose, skip the dose that you forgot to give them and go back to the schedule. Do not give a double dose.If your child misses more than one dose, talk with the child?s doctor or nurse.Alcohol and illegal drugs can change the way seizure drugs work. Be aware of this potential problem in teenagers.The doctor or nurse will need to check your child?s blood levels of many seizure drugs on a regular basis.Understand that seizure drugs have side effects. If your child started taking a new drug recently, or the doctor changed your child?s dose, these side effects may go away. Always ask the child?s doctor about any side effects. Also talk to your childs doctor about foods or other medications that can change the blood levels of anti-seizure drugs.How to Respond to a SeizureOnce a seizure starts, there is no way to stop it. Family members and caregivers can only help make sure the child is safe from further injury and call for help, if needed.When a seizure occurs, the main goal is to protect the child from injury and make sure the child can breathe well. Try to prevent a fall. Help the child to the ground in a safe area. Clear the area of furniture or other sharp objects. Turn the child on their side to make sure the childs airway does not get obstructed during the seizure.advertisementCushion the child?s head.Loosen tight clothing, especially around the child?s neck.Turn the child on their side. If vomiting occurs, turning the child on their side helps make sure that they do not inhale vomit into their lungs.Stay with the child until they recover, or professional medical help arrives. Meanwhile, monitor the child?s pulse and rate of breathing (vital signs).Things to avoid:Do NOT restrain (try to hold down) the child.Do NOT place anything between the child?s teeth during a seizure (including your fingers).Do NOT move the child unless they are in danger or near something hazardous.Do NOT try to make the child stop convulsing. They have no control over the seizure and are not aware of what is happening at the time.Do NOT give the child anything by mouth until the convulsions have stopped and the person is fully awake and alert.Do NOT start CPR unless the child has clearly stopped having the seizure and is still not breathing and has no pulseWhen to Call the DoctorCall your child?s doctor if your child has:Seizures that have been happening more oftenSide effects from medicationsUnusual behavior that was not present beforeWeakness, problems with seeing, or balance problems that are newCall 911 if:A seizure lasts more than 2 to 5 minutes..Your child does not wake up or have normal behavior within a reasonable time after a seizure.Another seizure starts before your child returns to awareness after a seizure ends.Your child had a seizure in water or appears to have inhaled vomit or any other substance.The person is injured or has diabetes.There is anything different about this seizure compared to the person?s usual seizures.ReferencesFoldvary-Schaefer N, Wyllie E. Epilepsy. In: Goetz C, ed. Textbook of Clinical Neurology. 3rd edition. Saunders. 2007: Chap 52.Mikati MA. Seizures in childhood. In: Kliegmann RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th edition. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 586.Trescher WH, Lesser RP. The epilepsies. In: Bradley WG, Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, Jankovic J, eds. Neurology in Clinical Practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Butterworth-Heinemann; 2008:chap 71.Review Date:9/6/2012Reviewed By:Luc Jasmin, MD, PhD, Department of Neurosurgery at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, and Department of Anatomy at UCSF, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.