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first_imgSHEEP IN BACK OF CO DONEGAL CARIT’S a picture that has been tweeted and retweeted again and again….a sheep crammed into the back of a Ford Fiesta!When AA Roadwatch sent it out, it took on a life of its own.And no wonder. The poor animal just about fits in to the boot.We knew those boys at Hegarty’s in Letterkenny sold good cars with plenty of room in the boot.But for a sheep?  WOULD EWE BELIEVE IT! SHEEP GETS LIFT IN BOOT OF DONEGAL CAR! was last modified: February 5th, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:WOULD EWE BELIEVE IT! SHEEP GETS LIFT IN BOOT OF DONEGAL CAR!last_img read more

Human Genome Project Supports Adam, Not Darwin

first_img(Visited 39 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Science magazine last week had a special series of articles on the 10-year anniversary of the Human Genome project.  Most of the articles expanded on how different the findings were from predictions.  The publication of the genome did not identify our evolution; it did not lead to miracle cures.  What it did most of all was upset apple carts, and show just how complex the library of information behind our smiling faces really is..  A couple of excerpts are characteristic.    John Mattick of the University of Queensland commented about how “The Genomic Foundation is Shifting” in his brief essay for Science.1  “For me,” he began, “the most important outcome of the human genome project has been to expose the fallacy that most genetic information is expressed as proteins.”  He spoke of the Central Dogma of genetics – the principle that DNA is the master controller of heredity, translating its information into proteins that create our bodies and brains.  For one thing, the number of genes is far smaller than expected (only 1.5% of human DNA contains genes), and is overwhelmed by non-coding DNA (earlier assumed to be genetic junk) that generates RNA, that regulates the expression of genes, especially during development.  The histone code and other revelations have generated “aftershocks” to the initial tremor that undermined the Central Dogma.  He concluded,These observations suggest that we need to reassess the underlying genetic orthodoxy, which is deeply ingrained and has been given superficial reprieve by uncritically accepted assumptions about the nature and power of combinatorial control.  As Nobel laureate Barbara McClintock wrote in 1950: “Are we letting a philosophy of the [protein-coding] gene control [our] reasoning?  What, then, is the philosophy of the gene?  Is it a valid philosophy?” � There is an alternative: Human complexity has been built on a massive expansion of genomic regulatory sequences, most of which are transacted by RNAs that use generic protein infrastructure and control the epigenetic mechanisms underpinning embryogenesis and brain function.  I see the human genome not simply as providing detail, but more importantly, as the beginning of a conceptual enlightenment in biology.In another essay in the 18 February issue of Science, Maynard Olson [U of Washington, Seattle] asked, “What Does a ‘Normal’ Human Genome Look Like?”  Olson did not wish to get embroiled in old debates about nature vs. nurture other than to acknowledge that they still exist despite the publication of the human genome.  Instead, he asked what factors are minor players in human variation.  One of them, he said, in a statement that might have raised Darwin’s eyebrows, is “balancing selection, the evolutionary process that favors genetic diversification rather than the fixation of a single ‘best’ variant”; instead, he continued, this “appears to play a minor role outside the immune system.”  Another also-ran are the variations we most often notice in people: “Local adaptation, which accounts for variation in traits such as pigmentation, dietary specialization, and susceptibility to particular pathogens is also a second-tier player.”  The primary factor is another eyebrow-raiser for Darwinists:What is on the top tier?  Increasingly, the answer appears to be mutations that are ‘deleterious’ by biochemical or standard evolutionary criteria.  These mutations, as has long been appreciated, overwhelmingly make up the most abundant form of nonneutral variation in all genomes.  A model for human genetic individuality is emerging in which there actually is a ‘wild-type’ human genome—one in which most genes exist in an evolutionarily optimized form.  There just are no ‘wild-type’ humans: We each fall short of this Platonic ideal in our own distinctive ways.1.  John Mattick, “The Genomic Foundation is Shifting,” Science, 18 February 2011: Vol. 331 no. 6019 p. 874, DOI: 10.1126/science.1203703.2.  Maynard V. Olson, “What Does a ‘Normal’ Human Genome Look Like?”, Science, 18 February 2011: Vol. 331 no. 6019 p. 872, DOI: 10.1126/science.1203236.Did you catch that?  These are phenomenal admissions in a secular science journal.  Mattick showed how many ways the evolutionary geneticists were wrong.  They expected to find the secret of our humanness in DNA – the master controller, honed by evolution, that made us what we are.  Instead, they were astonished to find complexity in a vast array of regulatory sequences beyond the genes (epigenetic, above the gene), including codes upon codes.  They appear to make DNA just a side show in a much more complex story that will require a “conceptual enlightenment in biology.”  This implies that pre-Human Genome biology was unenlightened.  By quoting McClintock’s prescient questions, he declared that the philosophy of biology that has ruled the 19th and 20th centuries is invalid.    Olson’s revelations are even more shocking, and, in a way, delightful – for those who believe that the Bible, not Darwin, tells where man came from.  Olson essentially said that Darwinists should pack up and go home, because the factors that they have counted on to explain human complexity are minor players.  Then he said that most mutations are harmful, bad, deleterious, regressive, plaguing each individual person.  For the coup-de-grace, he said that there seems to be a “Platonic ideal” of the human makeup (wild-type referring to natural) from which we all “fall short.”  This is the opposite of Darwinian evolutionary ascent from slime; it is descent with modification downward from an initial ideal state.  Biblical creationists will shout Amen: we have all fallen from Adam!    Paul the Apostle explained in the classic statement about Adam that the first man was the “wild type” after which things went terribly wrong when he sinned: “Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned— for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law.  Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type [i.e., wild type, Platonic ideal in real human flesh] of the one who was to come” (Romans 5:12-14).  Isn’t that exactly what we see around us?    Not to leave us in despair, Paul continued with the joyful good news about the second Adam, Jesus Christ – who by solving the sin problem through his death and resurrection, became the progenitor of all who could become righteous and inherit eternal life:But the free gift is not like the trespass.  For if many died through one man’s trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many.  And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin.  For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification.  For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.    Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men.  For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.  Now the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, so that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.  (Romans 5:15-20).To be sure, Mattick and Olson were probably not intending to agree with the Bible in their revelations about the Human Genome, but everything they said is consistent with Scriptural teaching, but is not consistent with what the Darwinists teach.  Their expectations have been falsified; their philosophy has been found wanting.  The Bible had it right all along!  If you are fallen from the ideal of Adam, Jesus Christ (not Darwin, not Plato) provides the pathway to a return to the Maker’s ideal.  It is a gift, through faith, thanks to the grace of God in Jesus Christ.  Paul, an early persecutor of Christians, who was transformed by seeing the risen Christ on the Damascus road, speaks to us all today: “We urge you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God” (II Corinthians 5:14-21).last_img read more

Classic South African action film returns to the big screen

first_imgJoe Bullet, a South African film made in 1971 had a limited re-release on big screens in Johannesburg and Cape Town this past January with more planned for the rest of the year.In 1971, Ken Gampu starred as Joe Bullet, a no-nonsense real South African movie hero. (Image: Retro Afrika Bioscope webpage)CD AndersonJoe Bullet has made an appearance back on the big screen. The South African action film, made in 1971 had a limited re-release in Johannesburg and Cape Town this past January, with more showings planned for the rest of the year.The film is the story of a local soccer team caught in the web of the criminal underworld. It features a strong black South African action hero, something almost unheard-of in the South African film industry during apartheid. It had an all-black cast, including singer Abigail Kubeka and Ken Gampu as Joe Bullet.A digitally restored Joe Bullet has recently been shown at The Bioscope Independent Cinema in Johannesburg and in The Company’s Garden in Cape Town. It was restored by Gravel Road Distribution, supervised by the film’s original producer, Tonie van der Merwe.The showings proved to be a great success, with more screenings planned across South Africa for the rest of the year, as well as a possible DVD and digital release available soon, the company says.Originally banned by the apartheid government, and then later unbanned but never released commercially, Joe Bullet has a very South African feel and setting.Local filmmakers Van der Merwe and Louis de Witt specialised in making films for black South African audiences. The company’s aim was to tell South African stories using film, and developing black South African actors and technical expertise at a time when most film production was dominated by white South Africans.The producers made more than 400 films, quickly and cheaply, specialising in human drama stories and action films that did not upset the government too much. The films proved popular among black audiences eager to see stories and characters that they could identify with.However, due to the positive portrayal of a black hero in Joe Bullet, the film was their most controversial film. Apartheid government censors cut short the film’s potential to entertain the masses.Van der Merwe received an African Movie Academy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2015 for his contribution to the South African film industry, and helping launch the careers of many of the country’s prominent black actors and crew workers, all in the face of apartheid government interference.Joe Bullet himself, Gampu, went on to act in local films and television series. He also had an impressive international film career during the 1980s, starring alongside some of Hollywood’s best, including Sharon Stone (in King Solomon’s Mines), Richard Burton and Roger Moore (in The Wild Geese). Gampu also starred in one of South Africa’s most popular cinematic exports, The Gods Must Be Crazy. He died in 2003.African films from the 1970s and 80s have enjoyed a recent renaissance among local film fans. Previously unavailable films have been released on DVD, while some of the era’s best films have been broadcast on the DStv Mzansi Bioskop channel (164).Watch the Joe Bullet trailer belowVisit the Joe Bullet Facebook page for more information on future screenings in Johannesburg and Cape Town.For more information on iconic South African films from the last 50 years, visit the Retro Afrika Bioscope website.Source: Channel24 Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

You’re Part of the CITO Equation

first_img SharePrint RelatedGet Your CITO On this Weekend!April 20, 2014In “Cache In Trash Out”Groundspeak Weekly Newsletter – April 13, 2011April 13, 2011In “Groundspeak’s Weekly Newsletter”The Geocache Type that Cares – CITOAugust 18, 2013In “Cache In Trash Out” Cache In Trash Out (CITO) needs you. It’s simple: you geocache in an area and then take trash out. One weekend per year, geocachers around the world join together to help remove trash from geocaching-friendly locations. Last year, geocachers around the globe created the most successful CITO year ever. Over 640 CITO events helped clear more than 50 tons of trash from parks and wild places around the world. That’s a staggering 100,000 pounds (45359.2 kg).Each person who logs an “Attended” for a CITO event on April 26 or April 27 this year earns a 2014 CITO souvenir for their Geocaching profile. They also earn a sense of accomplishment and probably a few finds along the way. Find or host a CITO event near you and help make this year even more successful.And just because CITO weekend hasn’t arrived yet, doesn’t mean that CITO hasn’t started. We encourage every geocacher to practice Cache In Trash Out every time they go geocaching. There are also plenty of CITO events that happen throughout the year. You can look for CITO events in your area or host your own.Share with your Friends:Morelast_img read more

Rwandan Website Editor Murdered: This Week in Online Tyranny

first_imgA Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Editor of Rwandan website murdered. Jean Leonard Rugambage, the acting editor of Umuvugizi newspaper, which had been blocked by the Rwandan government, was murdered last Friday. He was by two men who fled in a car outside his home in Kigali. Bless his family. The Rwandan government should feel ashamed. Again.Reporters Without Borders opens anti-censorship shelter. “The group unveiled a room in its Paris headquarters set aside for fugitive journalists or bloggers from abroad to drop in and blog with secure Internet connections using software that masks their online identity.” The center also trains bloggers and others in the use of circumventors and proxies and other tools to read and publish while avoiding arrest. They offer a high-speed anonymous Internet connection as well. Reporters Without Borders, why must you rock so? Internet “kill switch” bill heads to Senate. The dreadfully misguided Protecting Cyberspace as a National Asset Act Bill is heading to the U.S. senate. This bill gives the President emergency powers to power down the Internet in the event of an international attack on the systems. Not only is concentrating power over a massive aspect of the nation’s communications system in one hand a bad idea, it is a power which will never be repealed if granted. No one gives back power once they have it. Also, it creates a situation in which providers and communications companies are co-opted into the process. Another awful idea. On one hand, relying on CEOs to be deputies is unfair to them. On the other hand, giving them that power is unfair to us. Pakistan to monitor all Internet for “blasphemy.” Last Friday, Pakistan announced it is beginning to monitor all the Internet tools and sites they can for “blasphemy.” Blasphemy is a handy word and let’s watch as it dovetails with statistical improbability with the interests of the country’s rulers. Shall we? Oh, let’s.India requires Skype, Google, RIM to provide all data through their devices to Indian security agencies. This is surprising news from a country not often associated with draconian online security and the paranoia it results from. “The Department of Telecom (DoT) will ask these companies to either ensure that data going through their networks be made available to security agencies in a readable format or face a ban from offering services in India…Such a law would force companies such as Skype to give complete access to their networks or set up a local server in India to allow security agencies to track content.” My hand to G-d I’m baffled by this. Is Indian trying to get rid of that pesky technological elite it’s built up? Is it jealous of Pakistan?Turkey fights back against online censorship. Turkey has been the victim of some egregious censorship actions, predicated as much on child porn as religion. They have shut down, and kept down, everything from YouTube to Blogger. An alliance of 30 groups of Internet and free speech organizations are now attempting to reverse that trend in the courts, with lawsuits. Go Turkey!Afghanistan now blocks Twitter, YouTube, Facebook, Gmail and many others. Internet access in the country grew from near none to half a million in the last decade. It started as an online war against Taliban (and presumably Al Qaeda) recruiting. Then they added porno. And so it goes. Again, watch how frequently the government’s interest and the Internet censorship authorities’ diverge. I’m going to bet on infrequently. Lebanon arrests three for commenting on Facebook. Three were arrested, and a fourth has a warrant out on him, for “slandering” President Michel Suleiman on Facebook. This is especially disheartening as Lebanon is usually more of a bastion of free speech than the countries around it, although they have pulled this stunt before. Look here. Every single “law” that limits free speech is going to be misused by powerful people in that country that passes it for political purposes. There are no exceptions to this. In five years of following this topic and reporting on it I have seen zero exceptions. Some countries, depending on the way power is balanced, will neutralize such grabs, beat them back or at least moderate them. But most won’t. Also, don’t forget that the Roman republic became the Empire by consistent, incremental changes in laws. The Third Reich murdered Jews, Gypsies, gays and others all according to the law. The law is not a repository of rights. It is a hammer. Which way it swings depends entirely on who’s hand’s on the handle. Tags:#Government#international#web Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hostingcenter_img 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market curt hopkins Related Posts last_img read more

Attacking players like me benefitting from coach Sarri’s style of play, says Hazard

first_imgEden Hazard feels Chelsea coach Maurizio Sarri’s style of play is helping the attacking players flourish at the club but reiterated that he is yet to sign a new contract with the Blues.Hazard was recently in the FIFPro World XI at FIFA’s The Best Awards in London and he has had a sensational start to the season with six goals in the seven appearances he had made for the Chelsea.Hazard recently broke the internet with a remarkable solo goal against Liverpool in the Carabao Cup where he came from bench to win the match for Chelsea. For most part of the match, Liverpool led 1-0.In the 56th minute of the match, Hazard replaced Willian on the field. Thereafter, Emerson Palmieri scored in the 79th minute to draw level. But it was the Hazard goal in the 85th minute that won Chelsea the match.You need to see that @hazardeden10 goal from all angles! ?? pic.twitter.com/Ucmq7I4RCAChelsea FC (@ChelseaFC) September 27, 2018Also read – League Cup: Chelsea knock Liverpool out, Arsenal and Tottenham move into next roundHazard’s existing contract would keep him at Stamford Bridge for another two years but his scintillating start to the season has done nothing to stop the persistent rumours linking him to Real Madrid.”I haven’t signed a contract,” the Belgian said after scoring the winning goal in his team’s 2-1 Carabao Cup victory over Liverpool in midweek. “Not yet, not yet.”The second round of a double-header against the league-leading Merseyside club provides Chelsea’s next fixture on Saturday, when Hazard could add to the five goals he has scored in six Premier League appearances so far this campaign.advertisementSarri replaced his compatriot Antonio Conte before the start of the season and Hazard said his attempts to change Chelsea’s counter-attacking style to a more possession-based model had been beneficial to his game.”Sarri is a manager who likes to have the ball. That makes a big difference,” Hazard added.Also read – Eden Hazard makes it into FIFPro World XI”Besides that, he’s an Italian. Just like under Conte there’s a lot of tactics and we have to work hard in training.”I don’t feel like saying that I didn’t have any freedom under my previous managers. Conte and (Jose) Mourinho also let me do what I wanted in the last third. That’s why I could excel under them too. Defensively I know what I have to do.”Sarri’s desire for a new style has resulted in a change of formation and personnel out on the pitch, which Hazard believes has helped the forward line get amongst the goals.New signing Jorginho has featured regularly in a central defensive midfield role, with N’Golo Kante pushed further forward as a result, while players such as centre back David Luiz have been given a chance to revive their careers.Luiz, who made 10 league starts under Conte last season, has started all six of Chelsea’s league games under Sarri.”We have different players, players we didn’t have last season, players who like to have the ball,” Hazard said.”We have more possession than before. The attacking players benefit from that.”(With Reuters inputs)last_img read more

Ronald Koeman given time to solve the Everton crisis he largely created

first_img Read more features Share via Email Reuse this content Everton still need striker despite record Sigurdsson signing, says Koeman Share on LinkedIn Share on Twitter Share on WhatsApp Everton Everton’s Farhad Moshiri: Ronald Koeman has my total support From the biggest investment in Everton’s history to a vote of confidence in the manager by 2 October: this season was always liable to test Ronald Koeman’s managerial skills, given the number of new faces, the sale of Romelu Lukaku and a punishing schedule, but few would have anticipated him floundering so badly, so quickly. It is he, not Everton, who must implement change during the international break. Share on Facebook Rooney contradicted Koeman last week when insisting a lack of confidence was not the root of Everton’s problems. The manager had claimed otherwise when accusing his players of being afraid to play football in the costly 2-2 draw against Apollon. His new-look team have certainly appeared inhibited as they attempt to gel, only for poor results to provoke a change in approach by the manager, who told Everton to play more direct on Sunday.Michael Keane, one of the players who has suffered a loss of confidence according to Koeman, said: “I think everyone expected more than we have given so far: the players and the staff, not just the fans. We know we have been disappointing as a team and need to improve. Expectations from fans are one thing but the main thing is what we expect of ourselves and in a few games this season we have fallen below those standards.“I did not think that was the case [against Burnley]. We just need to show that bit of quality and, hopefully, we will do that soon. I thought the game plan was good. We had them on the back foot, we just lacked that final bit of quality, that good cross or good finish. We have been 1-0 down previously and collapsed but I did not feel like we did that. We got back on the front foot.”Koeman does have solutions to Everton’s faults at his disposal with the exception of the most glaring of all – an adequate replacement for Lukaku, who has scored three more Premier League goals for Manchester United this season than his former club have managed collectively. Recognition of this error in the transfer market is arguably what protects the Everton manager from greater pressure from within.Kenwright, the Everton chairman, gave Steve Walsh a consoling pat on the back as the club’s director of football stared at the Goodison pitch on Sunday and absorbed another damaging defeat. The Everton hierarchy were well aware of Lukaku’s intentions to leave before the end of last season and had time to locate an alternative striker once Olivier Giroud, Koeman’s preferred target, decided to stay at Arsenal. Instead six weeks and £45m were spent on a deal for Sigurdsson, who may well justify Everton’s investment in the long term but was not a priority acquisition with Rooney and £23.6m Davy Klaassen in place.Any mention of Everton’s summer spending brings a dismissive retort from Koeman, who with some justification will respond with the net spend argument. After £140m and 14 games, however, he should be much closer to justifying Moshiri’s decision to lure him from Southampton on a £6m-a-year contract. Ronald Koeman Topics Read more Share on Messenger The Dutchman retains the “total support” of Farhad Moshiri, Everton’s major shareholder, and the 54-year-old should have time to correct the malaise that has gripped Goodison Park when he is largely but not entirely responsible for the team’s regression. It is also important for Moshiri to demonstrate that faith and patience in a manager, a consistent theme of Bill Kenwright’s ownership, has not become prone to regular upheaval since he came on board. Not that the billionaire’s statement to Sky Sports’ Jim White was without flaws.Moshiri blamed injuries, European exertions, mental and physical fatigue plus a tough fixture list for a run of form that has left Everton two points above the relegation zone. Sunday brought a fifth defeat in eight matches as Burnley executed Sean Dyche’s game plan to perfection. The “only unexpected loss”, said Moshiri, leaving the unfortunate impression that defeats against Chelsea, Tottenham Hotspur and Manchester United were not, despite having spent almost £140m on seven additions to the first-team squad this summer. It may have been diplomatically prudent for Moshiri but it would be inaccurate to exclude Koeman from the list of reasons for Everton’s toils.Stubborn, confusing team selections have produced consistently laboured and passive performances this season. A lack of pace, balance and threat has been a recurring theme of an Everton team who veer between defeated and dull. There was no width in the Europa League draw against Apollon Limassol last Thursday. Koeman had three wide players, Nikola Vlasic, Kevin Mirallas and Ademola Lookman, on the bench. Worryingly for the manager, when he tried to rectify the issues by starting Oumar Niasse and Vlasic against Burnley it yielded the same failing.Again, however, his decisions contributed to another subdued display and underlined his tendency to dispense with the easy option – young homegrown talents such as Tom Davies and Jonjoe Kenny – while favouring signings he pushed for. Morgan Schneiderlin, Ashley Williams and Gylfi Sigurdsson have struggled, although Everton’s £45m record signing has been isolated on the left after a pre-season spent pushing for a move from Swansea City. “Both of us like to play more centrally,” Sigurdsson told a Sunday newspaper before the Burnley game. The other player he was referring to was Wayne Rooney, who has also had limited opportunities in a central role and paid the price for the team’s failings with a substitute’s role on Sunday. Share on Pinterestlast_img read more

Examining motherly fears

first_imgShareDavid [email protected] [email protected] motherly fearsRice sociologist explores how neighborhood poverty influences maternal fear of children’s outdoor playNeighborhood poverty is likely to make a mother more fearful about letting her children play outdoors, according to a new study by sociologists at Rice University and Stanford University.“It’s no secret that children play outdoors less now than in recent decades, and research shows maternal fear as one reason why,” said Rachel Tolbert Kimbro, Rice assistant professor of sociology. She co-authored a paper in the October issue of the journal Family Relations with Ariela Schachter, a Ph.D. student in sociology at Stanford.“This study addresses reasons why mothers do or do not let their children play outside,” Kimbro said.Kimbro and Schachter theorize that a mother’s fear of her child playing outside is a major component of her decisions regarding the child’s free playtime. They tested maternal, household and neighborhood characteristics that may be related to maternal fear and discovered the following:A mother’s household economic status, education, employment and physical/mental health all influence maternal fear.Perception of a neighborhood’s collective efficacy (shared values and goals, social support) is associated with maternal fear. Mothers who believe they live in neighborhoods with shared values and goals are less likely to be fearful of their child playing outdoors, and vice versa.Poverty and the percentage of blacks in a neighborhood are associated with increased maternal fear. “It’s not entirely surprising that poverty aligns with greater maternal fear,” Kimbro said. “When considering the characteristics associated with many impoverished neighborhoods – lack of playgrounds, poor sidewalks and the potential for crime – it makes sense that mothers might be more fearful.”Kimbro said that contrary to what one might expect, mothers are more concerned with issues of social support than crime rates.“The fear of children playing outside is not completely rational,” she said. “You might think that a logical response is to keep your child inside when crime rates are higher, but our research shows that factors closer to the mother, such as how she feels about her neighbors, are more likely to influence her feelings of fear.“Children’s outdoor play is an important indicator of overall healthy development,” Kimbro said. Although neighborhood poverty strongly influences maternal fear, mothers of sound mental health living in impoverished areas are less likely to be fearful of their children playing outside.“Our results suggest that efforts to minimize depression among mothers living in poverty could have significant, positive impacts on parenting behaviors and particularly in the promotion of children’s outdoor play,” Kimbro said.The study, “Neighborhood Poverty and Maternal Fears of Children’s Outdoor Play,” is the third paper to come from Kimbro’s broader research project exploring the links between neighborhoods and children’s outdoor play using data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being Study.The research was funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation through its national program, Active Living Research. Additional support for the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being Study was provided by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and a consortium of private foundations.For more information or to schedule an interview with Kimbro, contact David Ruth, director of national media relations at Rice, at [email protected] or 713-348-6327.-30-Related links:Rachel Kimbro bio: www.sociology.rice.edu/rkimbroRice University Department of Sociology: www.sociology.rice.eduRobert Wood Johnson Foundation: www.rwjf.orgActive Living Research: www.activelivingresearch.org AddThislast_img read more

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