USDA funds participatory organic corn breeding and testing network initiative at Illinois with $2 million
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The United States Department of Agriculture announced that it will invest nearly $2 million toward a University of Illinois project that will allow farmers, researchers, and consumers to participate in breeding corn optimized for organic production. Farmers will help test maize germplasm developed at U of I and the Mandaamin Institute in Wisconsin, and consumers will give their opinions on the quality of the grain and products made with each line of organic corn.“The project is unique because it integrates all the components of the food chain, from the field to table, connecting researchers, producers, and consumers,” said Carmen Ugarte, research specialist in the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences at U of I, and the lead investigator on the project. “Traditionally, farmers stop worrying about what happens to their corn after it is delivered to the grain elevator. But we’re trying to breed with the end product in mind, and we are keen to connect producers and consumers.”Martin Bohn, corn breeder and geneticist in the Department of Crop Sciences at U of I and co-principal investigator, notes this project will provide the scientific insights needed to design cutting-edge breeding strategies for the development of cultivars wanted in the organic market.“To be successful, each breeding program needs well-defined objectives, and in the organic marketplace, it isn’t only about yield. Processing and nutritional quality are of great importance for the consumer, and the farmer needs cultivars that compete well with weeds, are resistant to pests and diseases, and tolerate stresses like drought, heat, and low nutrient availability,” Bohn said.Bill Davison, a U of I Extension educator and co-investigator on the project, says that growers currently do not have many choices in the marketplace when it comes to organically produced corn. But, he says, some top-performing genetic lines have been tested at U of I. These need to be evaluated across a variety of conditions to make further improvements, and that’s where participating farmers come in.The project will develop a participatory testing network with farmers from Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Wisconsin, and New York.“At each location, our researchers will work with farmers to establish variety trials to assess the agronomic performance of elite corn hybrids developed at U of I and the Mandaamin Institute, with co-investigator Walter Goldstein,” Ugarte said.The researchers will also evaluate the influence of soil health on yield and grain quality and processing characteristics. “This will let us test theories about the ties between soil and crop health,” said Michelle Wander, co-principal investigator and soil scientist in the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences at U of I.All materials tested under field conditions will also be evaluated for quality and performance of the end products. Corn will be processed into several different types of food products, such as corn bread or tortilla chips, at the Pilot Processing Plant on the U of I campus and then tested by consumers and researchers. Co-investigator Juan Andrade from the Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition at U of I will evaluate nutrient content and things like volatile aromatic compounds that influence our sensory experience of food.Finally, co-investigator Bryan Endres, a professor in the Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics at U of I, Wander, and others will work with private breeders and processors and an advisory board consisting of industry leaders to identify and promote organizational structures and legal agreements that support participatory breeding networks to improve the organic seed supply. Materials produced by the effort will be made available through eOrganic, eXtensions’ organic community of practice.
A house flipper turned developer in Charlotte, North Carolina, thinks that his plan for a subdivision of tiny houses will be a boon for first-time home buyers and people hoping to downsize. However, some of his neighbors are more concerned about the potential impact on their own property values.Kevin Young’s Keyo Park West would include 50 houses, some as small as 500 square feet, when fully built out. The houses would sell for as little as $89,000, less than half the median home price in Charlotte. But nearby homeowners have asked the Charlotte City Council to block further development, according to an article in The State.“Tiny houses” are typically built on trailers, but Young’s houses would be built on concrete foundations, and in all respects other than size would be just like any single-family home. The city, in fact, agrees with him. Ed McKinney, the city’s interim planning director, said there’s no minimum size for single-family homes in Charlotte and that the tiny home label is a marketing ploy only.“To be clear, they are only tiny houses in the marketing name only,” McKinney said. “Many of the tiny houses that people are familiar with (from TV) are on wheels. And the only place you can do that now is in an RV park, and you have to have a site zoned for that.” Tiny Houses Join the Building CodeBuilders Aren’t Jumping on the Tiny House BandwagonWhy Tiny Houses Make Sense From Fine Homebuilding: The Big Deal About Tiny HousesTiny Houses to the Rescue Young, however, calls Keyo Park West “Charlotte’s first tiny house community,” and says that houses will range in size from 493 to 1,000 square feet. He has yet to submit a formal plan for the development and so far has constructed only a single 500-square-foot house. But that hasn’t done much to reassure neighbors.One of them is Robert Wilson, who lives about a half-mile away from Young’s planned development.“You specifically designate areas for mobile homes, and this is no different,” Wilson said. “We want this stopped. We aren’t against (zoning that allows three homes per acre). We are just talking about these types. It will greatly diminish our property values.”Young thinks some of the opposition is racial (he is African-American while nearby residents are mainly white), and that neighbors are probably afraid that the small homes will be bought by black residents.“We have the most coolest, most eclectic group of people on earth,” Young said of those who have asked about the development. Ages range from 22 to 72 and include a number of people who simply want to downsize.In addition to the single house that has been built so far, two other lots on the 19-acre parcel are under contract, Young told the newspaper.The backdrop for Young’s planned development is a city-wide effort to build more affordable housing. Media attention has helped make tiny houses an attractive option for some potential buyers, says Kim Skobba, an assistant professor at the University of Georgia who has taught a class on tiny houses.“However, having an interest in tiny houses might not translate to community acceptance,” she said. “Opposition to affordable housing, regardless of the form, is common, so I guess I am not too surprised to see pushback on tiny homes.” RELATED ARTICLES
Small Business Cybersecurity Threats and How to… Tags:#Android Wear#Connected Modular 45#Google#Intel#smartwatch#TAG Heuer#Watch David Curry Related Posts Internet of Things Makes it Easier to Steal You… Follow the Puck Luxury watchmaker Tag Heuer has announced its second generation ‘Connected’ smartwatch, a $1,600 device built in partnership with Intel’s New Technology Group.The Connected Modular 45 lives up to its name, with a wide range of colors, modules, buckles, and bracelets to choose from before buying. Tag will also replace the Module 45 with a mechanical option once the tech becomes obsolete, leaving you with a premium watch years after the purchase.See Also: Apple patents wearable battery charger for Watch 2An Intel Atom Z34XX processor powers the smartwatch’s internals, which include GPS, WiFi, Bluetooth, and NFC. The last module was unexpected, considering the Modular 45 is an all-metal design. This means you should be able to pay for things on Android Pay using the smartwatch.The 1.39-inch AMOLED display is a touch smaller than other Android Wear options. Tag Heuer has also added much more battery life than the typical smartwatch, at 30 hours. The watch is also waterproof up to 100 feet.Tag has not said if it is gunning for typical watch buyers or Android Wear customers, we would assume the former given the price tag. If the design and features aren’t enough to win you over, Intel is also building a personal assistant that will be available on the device in the near future.Details on the assistant are light, but it will be able to set reminders and ask follow-up questions to queries. Intel has said it will not have a name, like Alexa or Siri. Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces
Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH Dwyane Wade of the Cleveland Cavaliers looks on against the Orlando Magic at Quicken Loans Arena on January 18, 2018 in Cleveland, Ohio. Justin K. Aller/Getty Images/AFPCLEVELAND — Dwayne Wade will miss time for a personal matter, creating yet another obstacle for the struggling Cavaliers.Wade was excused from the team Friday as the Cavs hosted Indiana and he could be out longer to deal with the unspecified situation. Coach Tyronn Lue did not provide any details for Wade’s absence or a timeline for his return.ADVERTISEMENT Tiger Woods sneaks into weekend with closing birdie LATEST STORIES NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Read Next Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Lue said general manager Koby Altman told Wade to “take his time” during the unspecified leave.“How much ever time he needs to take to get over what he’s going through, then he’ll be back,” Lue said.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutWade has played well coming off the bench in his first season with Cleveland, which has dropped 10 of 13 and currently sits in the No. 3 spot in the Eastern Conference standings behind Boston and Toronto. The 36-year-old is averaging 11.1 points, 3.9 points and 3.7 assists in 42 games. The three-time NBA champion willingly moved to Cleveland’s second unit earlier this season and has been a steadying force for the team.With Wade gone, Lue said guard Derrick Rose will likely play more minutes. Rose missed two months with an ankle injury before returning recently and the Cavs have been mindful of his minutes as he gets into game shape. Wade’s absence coincides with Lue making a change to his starting lineup to try and shake his team from its funk.Jae Crowder has been dropped from the starting lineup and replaced by center Tristan Thompson. With Thompson back as a starter, All-Star Kevin Love can return to power forward — his natural position.Lue said his players embraced the changes, which should help the Cavs’ shaky defense.“Jae Crowder was great. Just talking to him, he’s been good,” Lue said. “He’s about the right things. The last few games he’s been shooting the ball a lot better. Defensively, I think it helps us having two bigs. We’ve been getting crushed on the glass. So I think Kevin and Tristan on the floor together defensively rebounding is good. And also in the pick-and-rolls. I thought they tried to expose us in pick-and-rolls with Isaiah (Thomas) and Kevin playing the five.”ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ View comments 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting
When Your Child Was in the HospitalYour child has epilepsy. People with epilepsy have seizures. A seizure is a sudden brief change in the electrical and chemical activity in your brain. The doctor gave your child a physical and neurological examination and did some tests to find out why.What to Expect at HomeIf the doctor sent your child home with some medicines, it is because more seizures could occur. The medicine can help your child avoid having seizures, but it does not guarantee that seizures will not occur. The doctor may need to change the dose of your childs seizure drugs or add new medicines. This may be because seizures happen even when your child is taking the medicines, or because your child is having side effects.Activity and LifestyleYour child should get plenty of sleep and try to have as regular schedule as possible. Try to avoid too much stress. You should still set rules and limits, along with consequences, for a child with epilepsy.Make sure your home is safe to help prevent injuries when a seizure takes place.Keep bathroom and bedroom doors unlocked. Keep these doors from being blocked.Younger children should not take a bath without someone present. Do NOT leave the room without taking your child with you. Older children should only take showers. See also: Bathroom safety – childrenPut pads on sharp corners of furniture.Place a screen in front of the fireplace.Use nonslip flooring or cushioned floor covers.Do NOT use freestanding heaters.Avoid letting a child with epilepsy sleep on the top bunk.Replace all glass doors and any windows near the ground with either safety glass or plastic.Most children with seizures can lead an active lifestyle. Plan ahead for the possible dangers of a certain activity. Activities should be avoided if a loss of consciousness or control would result in an injury.advertisementSome safe activities include jogging, aerobics, moderate cross-country skiing, dancing, tennis, golf, hiking, and bowling. Games and playing in gym class or on the playground are generally okay.Supervise your child when they swim.Your child should wear a helmet during bike riding, skateboarding, and other similar activities. See also: Preventing head injuries in childrenChildren should have someone to help them climb on a jungle gym or perform gymnastics.Ask your child?s doctor about your child participating in contact sports.It should be easy for a student to carry and take seizure medicines at school. Teachers and others at schools should know about your child?s seizures and seizure medicines.Your child should wear a medical alert or ID bracelet. Tell family members, friends, teachers, school nurses, babysitters, swimming instructors, lifeguards, and coaches about your childs seizure disorder.Seizure MedicinesDo not stop giving your child any seizure medicines without talking with your child?s doctor. Do not stop giving your child seizure drugs just because the seizures have stopped.Tips for taking seizure medicines:Do not skip a dose.Get refills as soon as you can before the medicine runs out.Keep seizure medicines in a safe place, away from young children.Store medicines in a dry place, in the bottle that they came in. Throw away all old bottles.If your child misses a dose:Have them take it as soon as you remember.If it is already time for the next dose, skip the dose that you forgot to give them and go back to the schedule. Do not give a double dose.If your child misses more than one dose, talk with the child?s doctor or nurse.Alcohol and illegal drugs can change the way seizure drugs work. Be aware of this potential problem in teenagers.The doctor or nurse will need to check your child?s blood levels of many seizure drugs on a regular basis.Understand that seizure drugs have side effects. If your child started taking a new drug recently, or the doctor changed your child?s dose, these side effects may go away. Always ask the child?s doctor about any side effects. Also talk to your childs doctor about foods or other medications that can change the blood levels of anti-seizure drugs.How to Respond to a SeizureOnce a seizure starts, there is no way to stop it. Family members and caregivers can only help make sure the child is safe from further injury and call for help, if needed.When a seizure occurs, the main goal is to protect the child from injury and make sure the child can breathe well. Try to prevent a fall. Help the child to the ground in a safe area. Clear the area of furniture or other sharp objects. Turn the child on their side to make sure the childs airway does not get obstructed during the seizure.advertisementCushion the child?s head.Loosen tight clothing, especially around the child?s neck.Turn the child on their side. If vomiting occurs, turning the child on their side helps make sure that they do not inhale vomit into their lungs.Stay with the child until they recover, or professional medical help arrives. Meanwhile, monitor the child?s pulse and rate of breathing (vital signs).Things to avoid:Do NOT restrain (try to hold down) the child.Do NOT place anything between the child?s teeth during a seizure (including your fingers).Do NOT move the child unless they are in danger or near something hazardous.Do NOT try to make the child stop convulsing. They have no control over the seizure and are not aware of what is happening at the time.Do NOT give the child anything by mouth until the convulsions have stopped and the person is fully awake and alert.Do NOT start CPR unless the child has clearly stopped having the seizure and is still not breathing and has no pulseWhen to Call the DoctorCall your child?s doctor if your child has:Seizures that have been happening more oftenSide effects from medicationsUnusual behavior that was not present beforeWeakness, problems with seeing, or balance problems that are newCall 911 if:A seizure lasts more than 2 to 5 minutes..Your child does not wake up or have normal behavior within a reasonable time after a seizure.Another seizure starts before your child returns to awareness after a seizure ends.Your child had a seizure in water or appears to have inhaled vomit or any other substance.The person is injured or has diabetes.There is anything different about this seizure compared to the person?s usual seizures.ReferencesFoldvary-Schaefer N, Wyllie E. Epilepsy. In: Goetz C, ed. Textbook of Clinical Neurology. 3rd edition. Saunders. 2007: Chap 52.Mikati MA. Seizures in childhood. In: Kliegmann RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th edition. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 586.Trescher WH, Lesser RP. The epilepsies. In: Bradley WG, Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, Jankovic J, eds. Neurology in Clinical Practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Butterworth-Heinemann; 2008:chap 71.Review Date:9/6/2012Reviewed By:Luc Jasmin, MD, PhD, Department of Neurosurgery at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, and Department of Anatomy at UCSF, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.